Dr. Nitin Virmani

Principal Scientist

Discipline: Veterinary Pathology

E-mail ID : nvirmani@gmail.com


Area of Research Interests:

My research interests include temporal dynamics of influenza viruses their genetic evolution and transmission patterns. Currently working with equine influenza and equine herpes viruses my research focuses on development of new generation diagnostics and vaccines.



  • Ph.D in Veterinary Pathology with a minor of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology from CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125 004, Haryana, India; May, 2003 on Pathobiology of indigenous Equine Herpes Virus-1 infection in pregnant BALB/c mice.
  • Master of Veterinary Sciences in Veterinary Pathology with minor of Veterinary Bacteriology ; Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, U.P., India; July,  1993. Studies on pathology of female genital tract of sheep and goats
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry: Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar; Haryana, India, August, 1986 to February, 1991.

2009: Best Poster-II award in XV Annual Convention & National Symposium on "Recent approaches in Veterinary Immunology and Biotechnology for Animal Health and Production" Feb 26-28, 2009 at Deptt. of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary Sciences, CCS HAU. 

2005: Gang Mana Sharma Award for best article on pack animals in Indian Journal of Veterinary Pathology Indian Association of Veterinary Pathologists, entitled "Immunohistochemical diagnosis of Equine Herpes Virus-1 infection employing microwave irradiation for reducing the processing time." Indian Journal of Veterinary Pathology28 (1): 1-3

2004: Awarded Dr.Patri Rama Rao best Ph.D thesis award - Conferred by Indian Association of Veterinary Pathologists

2001: Awarded Senior Research Fellowship from Indian Council of Agricultural Research for Ph.D degree in Veterinary Pathology


Research Projects

a.         Development of diagnostics for equine influenza

b.         Genetic and antigenic characterization of equine influenza isolates from  outbreak of 2008-09

c.         Development of vaccine against equine influenza.

d.         Development of vaccine for the Equine Herpes Virus-1 infection

e.         Epidemiological studies on existing and emerging diseases in equines.


Selected Publications:

  • Virmani N, Bera BC, Shanumugasundaram K., Singh BK, Gulati BR and Singh RK. 2011. Genetic analysis of the matrix and non-structural genes of equine influenza virus (H3N8) from epizootic of 2008-09 in India. Veterinary  Microbiology: 152:169 to 175

  • Bera, B.C., Shanmugasundaram, K., Barua, S., Venkatesan, G., Riyesh,T., Bhanuprakash, V., Gulati, B.R., Vaid, R.K., Virmani, N., Kakker, N.K., Malik, P., Bansal, M., Gadvi, S., Singh, R.V., Yadav, V., Sardarilal, Nagarajan, G., Balamurugan, V., Hosamani, M., Pathak, K.M.L. and Singh, R.K. 2011. Zoonotic cases of Camelpox infection in India. Veterinary  Microbiology 152:29-38.

  • Gulati BR, Singha H, Singh BK, Virmani N, Khurana SK and Singh RK. 2011. Serosurveillance for Japanese encephalitis virus infection among equines in India. Journal of Veterinary Science: 12(4):341-345.

  • Gulati BR, Singha H, Singh BK, Virmani N, Kumar S and Singh RK. 2011. Isolation and genetic characterization of Japanese encephalitis virus from equines in India. Journal of Veterinary Science: Accepted.

  • Manuja A, Virmani N, Kurrupusamy S, Kumar Vaid R, Kumar Manuja B, Kumar S, Kumar Singh B., 2011. Rectal prolapse and enteritis in a foal. Online J Vet Res., 15 (5): 462-467.

  • Nitin Virmani, B.C. Bera, B R. Gulati, Shanmugasundaram , K, B. K. Singh, R K Vaid, S Kumar, R. Kumar, P. Malik, S. K. Khurana, J. Singh, Anju Manuja, Ramesh Dedar, A. K. Gupta, S. C. Yadav, P. K. Chugh, P. S. Narwal, V. L.N. Thakur, R. Kaul, A Kanani, S. S. Rautmare and R.K. Singh (2010). Descriptive epidemiology of equine influenza in India (2008‐2009): temporal and spatial trends. Veterinaria Italiana, 46 (4), 449‐458

  • Virmani, N.; Bera, B.C.; Singh, B.K.; Shanmugasuundaram, K.; Gulati, B.R.; Barua, Sanjay; Vaid, R.K.; Gupta, A.K. and Singh, R.K. (2010). Equine influenza outbreak in India (2008-2009): Virus isolation, sero-epidemiology, and phylogenetic analysis of HA gene. Veterinary  Microbiology. 143:224-237.

  • Virmani Meenakshi, Garg, S.L., Virmani, Nitin and Batra, S.K. (2010). Activity of extracts of Synzium aromaticum against microbes of veterinary importance. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 80(4): 284-288

  • Virmani Meenakshi, Garg, S.L., Gara Sandeep and Virmani, Nitin (2009). Studies on the antimicrobial activity of Piper nigrum against the microbes of veterinary importance. India J. of Comp. Microbiol. Immunol. Infect. Dis. 30 (1): 65-66.

  • Virmani Meenakshi, Kapoor, S. Garg, S.L. and Virmani Nitin (2009). In vitro antiviral activity of plant extracts against infectious bursal disease virus. Journal of Immunol .and Immunopathol. 11(1): In pres

  • Virmani Nitin, Singh, B.K. Gulati, B.R.and Kumar Sanjay. (2008). Outbreak of Equine influenza in India. Vet. Rec. 607-608.

  • Virmani Nitin, Singh B K, Batra Munish, Verma P C, Panisup, A S (2008). Comparative pathology and tissue tropism of two indigenous strains (H-90 AND R-98) of Equine Herpes Virus 1 in pregnant BALB/c mice towards occurrence of respiratory affections and abortions subsequent to intranasal inoculation. Journal of Immunology and Immunopathology 10(1): 14-19.

  • Virmani, M, Gupta A K, Virmani Nitin, Garg S K (2008). Haemagglutination inhibition assay for Equine Chorionic Gonadotropin detection in pregnant mare serum. Journal of Immunology and Immunopathology10(1): 55-59

  • Munish Batra, Pruthi, A.K., Kamil, S.A. and Virmani, Nitin (2008). Protective efficacy of outer membrane proteins of Pastuerella multocida A:1 as vaccine against local isolate challenge in layer chicken. Ind. J. Pountry Sci.43(2): 227-230.

  • Singh, B.K., Virmani, Nitin and Gulati, B.R (2008). Assessment of protective immune response of inactivated Equine Herpes Virus-1 vaccine in pregnant BALB/c mice. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 79(4): 345-349.