Area of Research Interests:
My research interests include temporal dynamics of influenza viruses their
genetic evolution and transmission patterns. Currently working with equine
influenza and equine herpes viruses my research focuses on development of
new generation diagnostics and vaccines.
Ph.D in Veterinary Pathology
with a minor of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology from CCS Haryana
Agricultural University, Hisar 125 004, Haryana, India; May, 2003 on
Pathobiology of indigenous Equine Herpes Virus-1 infection in pregnant
Master of Veterinary Sciences in Veterinary Pathology
with minor of Veterinary Bacteriology ; Indian Veterinary Research
Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, U.P., India; July, 1993. Studies on
pathology of female genital tract of sheep and goats
Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry:
Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar; Haryana, India, August, 1986
to February, 1991.
Best Poster-II award in XV Annual Convention & National Symposium on
"Recent approaches in Veterinary Immunology and Biotechnology for Animal
Health and Production" Feb 26-28, 2009 at Deptt. of Veterinary
Microbiology, College of Veterinary Sciences, CCS HAU.
Gang Mana Sharma Award for best article on pack animals in Indian Journal
of Veterinary Pathology Indian Association of Veterinary Pathologists,
entitled "Immunohistochemical diagnosis of Equine Herpes Virus-1 infection
employing microwave irradiation for reducing the processing time."
Indian Journal of Veterinary Pathology28 (1): 1-3
Awarded Dr.Patri Rama Rao best Ph.D thesis award - Conferred by Indian
Association of Veterinary Pathologists
Awarded Senior Research Fellowship from Indian Council of Agricultural
Research for Ph.D degree in Veterinary Pathology
Development of diagnostics for equine influenza
Genetic and antigenic characterization of equine influenza isolates from
outbreak of 2008-09
Development of vaccine against equine influenza.
Development of vaccine for the Equine Herpes Virus-1 infection
Epidemiological studies on existing and emerging diseases in equines.
Bera BC, Shanumugasundaram K., Singh BK, Gulati BR and Singh RK. 2011.
Genetic analysis of the matrix and non-structural genes of equine
influenza virus (H3N8) from epizootic of 2008-09 in India.
Veterinary Microbiology: 152:169 to 175
Shanmugasundaram, K., Barua, S., Venkatesan, G., Riyesh,T.,
Bhanuprakash, V., Gulati, B.R., Vaid,
R.K., Virmani, N., Kakker, N.K., Malik, P., Bansal, M., Gadvi,
S., Singh, R.V., Yadav, V., Sardarilal, Nagarajan, G.,
Balamurugan, V., Hosamani, M., Pathak,
K.M.L. and Singh, R.K. 2011. Zoonotic cases of Camelpox infection in
India. Veterinary Microbiology 152:29-38.
Gulati BR, Singha H, Singh BK, Virmani N, Khurana SK and Singh RK.
2011. Serosurveillance for Japanese encephalitis virus infection among
equines in India. Journal of Veterinary Science: 12(4):341-345.
Gulati BR, Singha H, Singh BK, Virmani N, Kumar S and Singh RK.
2011. Isolation and genetic characterization of Japanese encephalitis
virus from equines in India. Journal of Veterinary Science:
Manuja A, Virmani N, Kurrupusamy S,
Kumar Vaid R,
Kumar Manuja B,
Kumar S, Kumar Singh B.,
Rectal prolapse and
enteritis in a foal.
Online J Vet Res., 15
B.C. Bera, B R. Gulati, Shanmugasundaram , K, B. K. Singh, R K Vaid, S
Kumar, R. Kumar, P. Malik, S. K. Khurana, J. Singh, Anju Manuja, Ramesh
Dedar, A. K. Gupta, S. C. Yadav, P. K. Chugh, P. S. Narwal, V. L.N.
Thakur, R. Kaul, A Kanani, S. S. Rautmare and R.K. Singh (2010).
Descriptive epidemiology of equine influenza in India (2008‐2009):
temporal and spatial trends.
46 (4), 449‐458
Bera, B.C.; Singh, B.K.; Shanmugasuundaram, K.; Gulati, B.R.; Barua,
Sanjay; Vaid, R.K.; Gupta, A.K. and Singh, R.K. (2010). Equine influenza
outbreak in India (2008-2009): Virus isolation, sero-epidemiology, and
phylogenetic analysis of HA gene. Veterinary Microbiology.
Virmani Meenakshi, Garg, S.L., Virmani, Nitin and Batra, S.K.
(2010). Activity of extracts of Synzium aromaticum against
microbes of veterinary importance. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 80(4): 284-288
Virmani Meenakshi, Garg, S.L., Gara Sandeep and Virmani, Nitin
(2009). Studies on the antimicrobial activity of Piper nigrum against
the microbes of veterinary importance. India J. of Comp. Microbiol.
Immunol. Infect. Dis. 30 (1): 65-66.
Virmani Meenakshi, Kapoor, S. Garg, S.L. and Virmani Nitin
(2009). In vitro antiviral activity of plant extracts against infectious
bursal disease virus. Journal of Immunol .and Immunopathol. 11(1): In
Singh, B.K. Gulati, B.R.and Kumar Sanjay. (2008). Outbreak of Equine
influenza in India. Vet. Rec. 607-608.
Singh B K, Batra Munish, Verma P C, Panisup, A S (2008).
pathology and tissue tropism of two indigenous strains (H-90 AND R-98)
of Equine Herpes Virus 1 in pregnant BALB/c mice towards occurrence of
respiratory affections and abortions subsequent to intranasal
inoculation. Journal of Immunology and Immunopathology
Virmani, M, Gupta A K, Virmani Nitin, Garg S K (2008).
inhibition assay for Equine Chorionic Gonadotropin detection in pregnant
mare serum. Journal of Immunology and Immunopathology10(1):
Munish Batra, Pruthi, A.K., Kamil, S.A. and Virmani, Nitin
(2008). Protective efficacy of outer membrane proteins of Pastuerella
multocida A:1 as vaccine against local isolate challenge in layer
chicken. Ind. J. Pountry Sci.43(2): 227-230.
Singh, B.K., Virmani, Nitin and Gulati, B.R (2008). Assessment of
protective immune response of inactivated Equine Herpes Virus-1 vaccine
in pregnant BALB/c mice. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 79(4): 345-349.